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A Guide to Camping and Hiking in Canlaon City

Canlaon City, nestled in the heart of Negros Oriental, beckons adventure seekers with the majestic Mount Kanlaon, the tallest peak in the Visayas region. With its near-perfect cone and dramatic landscapes, this active stratovolcano offers a challenging yet rewarding experience for people who love camping and hiking.

This guide equips you with the knowledge to plan an unforgettable adventure on Mount Kanlaon. We’ll delve into the must-know aspects, including:

  • The Majesty of Mount Kanlaon: We’ll explore the mountain’s unique features, its ecological significance, and a glimpse into its volcanic history.
  • Planning Your Trek: We’ll guide you through the permitting process, help you choose the right trail, and pack essentials for a safe and comfortable climb.
  • Embarking on the Journey: We’ll provide a detailed breakdown of the famous Mapo Trail, highlighting key points, camping areas, and breathtaking viewpoints.
  • Safety on the Mountain: We’ll emphasize crucial safety measures for a responsible and enjoyable trek.
  • Beyond the Summit: We’ll explore alternative activities in Canlaon City to complement your mountain experience.
camping and hiking in Canlaon
Mt. Kanlaon

The Majesty of Mount Kanlaon

Towering at 2,465 meters (8,087 feet), Mount Kanlaon is a sight to behold. As part of the Mount Kanlaon Natural Park, it’s a haven for diverse flora and fauna. Lush rainforests cloak the lower slopes, giving way to a fascinating landscape of volcanic rocks and stunted vegetation at higher elevations.

Mount Kanlaon is an active volcano, with its most recent eruption in 2010. While currently under monitoring, it adds an element of awe and respect for nature’s raw power.

Planning Your Trek

Preparation is paramount for a successful and enjoyable trek. Here’s what you need to consider:

  • Permits: All trekkers must obtain a permit. You can process it at the Mount Kanlaon Natural Park Administration Office in Brgy. Calapnagan, Canlaon City. The office also offers camping gear rentals for those who need them.
  • Choosing Your Trail: Four designated trails lead up Mount Kanlaon. The Mapo Trail, known for its scenic beauty and challenging terrain, is the most popular choice.
  • Packing Essentials: A sturdy backpack, comfortable hiking boots, a good quality tent, a sleeping bag suited for cold temperatures, warm clothes, a rain jacket, enough water and high-energy food, a first-aid kit, and a headlamp are crucial. Consider trekking poles for better balance and sun protection.

Embarking on the Journey: The Mapo Trail

The Mapo Trail is a 16-kilometer (10-mile) out-and-back route, typically completed in a one or two-night camping trip. Here’s a breakdown of the journey:

  • Day 1: The trek begins at the registration area in Brgy. Mapo. The initial ascent is through dense forests with moderate inclines. After a few hours, you’ll reach the ranger station at Camp 1 (800 meters), a designated campsite with basic amenities.
  • Day 2: From Camp 1, the trail becomes steeper and rockier. Breathtaking views of the surrounding landscape start to unfold. After a challenging climb, you’ll arrive at the Saddle Camp (2,000 meters) – a vast, windy plateau offering panoramic vistas. This is the designated camping area for summit attempts.
  • Summit Push: Early morning provides the clearest skies for a summit push. The final ascent is a steep, loose gravel path requiring a good level of fitness, and strong winds can be expected near the peak. The reward? Breathtaking views of the surrounding islands, active volcanic craters, and a sense of accomplishment that words can’t describe.

Safety on the Mountain

Safety is paramount throughout your trek. Here are some crucial tips:

  • Be Prepared for the Elements: Weather conditions can change rapidly. Pack accordingly and be flexible with your itinerary if necessary.
  • Hire a Guide: It is highly recommended that first-timers hire a registered guide familiar with the mountain’s terrain.
  • Respect the Mountain: Leave no trace behind. Pack out all your trash and be mindful of the delicate ecosystem.
  • Listen to Your Body: Pace yourself, take breaks, and stay hydrated. Don’t hesitate to turn back if you feel unwell.

Beyond the Summit

While conquering Mount Kanlaon is a thrilling experience, Canlaon City offers other exciting ways to immerse yourself in its natural beauty and rich culture. Here are some options to consider:

  • Water Adventures: Take a refreshing dip at the Inland Resort, a public complex featuring cascading pools fed by cool spring water.
  • Chasing Waterfalls: Hike to Sudlon Falls or Quipot Falls, hidden gems nestled within the foothills of Mount Kanlaon. These waterfalls offer a chance to cool off, swim in natural pools, and appreciate the lush vegetation.
  • Nature Immersion: Visit the OISCA Farm, a sustainable agriculture project that showcases organic farming practices and offers educational tours.
  • Cultural Delights: Explore the Canlaon City Public Market, a vibrant hub where you can find fresh local produce, handcrafted souvenirs, and a taste of authentic Filipino delicacies.
  • Historical Gems: Visit the Century Tree Dalakit, a towering Balete tree believed to be centuries old. It offers a glimpse into the city’s natural heritage.
  • Adventure Activities: For adrenaline junkies, the Adudusan Natural Water Slide provides a unique and thrilling experience. This natural rock formation creates a slippery slope perfect for a refreshing slide into a cool pool.

Nearby Destinations

Venturing beyond Canlaon City, Negros Island offers a plethora of exciting destinations:

  • Bacolod City: The “City of Smiles” is known for its vibrant MassKara Festival, delicious cuisine, and heritage houses.
  • Mambukal Resort & Wildlife Sanctuary: Explore this haven for diverse flora and fauna, offering trekking trails, a butterfly sanctuary, and a chance to spot various wildlife species.
  • Negros Occidental: Explore the stunning beaches of Sipalay, go spelunking in Hinoba-an, or witness the mesmerizing marine life at Apo Island.


Canlaon City beckons with its majestic mountains, refreshing waterfalls, and rich cultural heritage. Whether you’re a seasoned mountaineer or a nature enthusiast seeking a unique adventure, this city offers something for everyone. With careful planning, respect for the environment, and a sense of adventure, your camping and hiking experience in Canlaon City will create unforgettable memories that will last a lifetime.

Additional Tips

  • The best time to climb Mount Kanlaon is during the dry season, typically from November to April when the trails are drier, and the skies are clearer.
  • Check the latest updates on the mountain’s status and weather conditions before your trek.
  • Research local customs and traditions and dress appropriately when visiting cultural sites.
  • Support local businesses by staying in homestays, buying souvenirs from local artisans, and tasting local cuisine.

By following these tips and letting this guide be your compass, your Canlaon City adventure is sure to be enriching and unforgettable.

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